Paper is made from the macerated fibers of plants. So, theoretically, strong paper can be made at home out of strong plants. When I inherited a fallen Agave stalk and leaves, I initially just wanted the leaves for the fibers, but I thought the stalk probably has some hard core fibers in it. I will make the strongest paper EVER. I already had some painting stretchers and sheer polyester fabric I could use for screens, I ordered some Sodium Chloride (also known as lye in my ancient publication, a toxic chemical!), and thought I was set. Maybe I could even make invitation paper for my wedding! Maybe...
So I went about chopping up the smaller stems holding up the flower buds, threw in some bits of leaves, and boiled everything in a potion of Sodium Chloride for at least double the amount of time suggested. The water turned red. Hmm. The outer plant material seemed spongy enough, so I thought my powerful immersion blender would mash everything up in NO time.
I was very very wrong. After adding Yucca leaves and boiling everything a second time, the letting the hot postion sit for many hours, still those stalk were as tough as nails. I ended up spending hours picking out the stem pieces and trying to pull apart leaves further, and then I added a couple of sheets of plain paper to the mix before I was able to make something even resembling a pulp. Most of the fiberous material, even from the leaves, was too tough to make into a fine pulp without spending more hours destroying my blender.
At some point, everything on my body hurt from bending over the bathtub (where I transferred my potion to, much to my fiance's dismay) so I figured I should just dip my screens and see what came up. And just for fun, I threw in some creosote leaves, just to make everything smell nice. That was my final mistake! All sorts of leaves, twigs, and crunch bits got in there!
Without the creosote leaves, and if I had dipped the screens twice, I could have gotten MAYBE six sheets of very fine paper. I am sure this would have been largely due to the two sheets of paper I macerated into the mix. The long Yucca fibers could have laid mostly flat across the surface and made a coarse, but monochrome, strong paper. The creosote leaves turned brown and crispy, and contributed nothing to the mix.
I made a huge mess (still strewn across my guest bathroom floor), only attempted to make two sheets before dumping the mixture thinking nothing was working, and had very little to show for my hours of hard work. But I learned, the hard way, a lot about the nature of these desert plants by spending this up-close and personal time with them. Although the results were not what I hoped, I still have something to show and information to share. Quite the metaphor, wouldn't you say?
In conclusion, yes, yucca and agave fibers can be used in paper making. I had only done paper making as a child, so this is by no means a guide to making paper, but maybe my process will help someone attempting a similar feat, but with more knowledge:
- Maybe 10 small yucca leaves or one large Agave leaf...size of leaf in this genera of plants varies greatly. Soaking the leaves for a couple of days before hand is smelly, but will help to soften the unwanted plant material. Cut to 1" pieces using handheld shears.
- Place in a big pot, cover with water, add 1 tablespoon Sodium Chloride per quart of water and boil for a few minuets. Cover and let it sit for as many hours as you can, although more than 1o might push it.
- Pour off as much of this solution as possible without losing fibers, then dilute with water before continuing to pour off and rinse. Use gloves to be extra safe! You will not remove all of this solution, but just keep pouring and diluting until you feel safe enough to handle the fibers.
- Tear up 4 sheets of waste paper and add to the mixture before blending
- put small amounts into your blender because the leaf fibers will get wrapped around the blades if they are too long or still strongly bound together, which is why, the more cutting up of the leaves, the better
- Try to get a uniform pulp, although this might seem near impossible. Add this to around 6 to 8 quarts of water into a vat large enough to fit your screens into.
- Dip the screen once, pick off any large clumps, let it dry a bit (I have a dry climate so I just left it to dry for an hour), then repeat once.
- My base of fibers was so thin that I thought nothing would happen. I had to let the screens dry overnight before I saw there was a thin paper net holding some of the leaf fibers together. I was able to peel this away from the screen, but had already dumped the vat to prevent my dogs from drinking it!
Finally, the flower buds made nice decoration, although only one bundle appears to be blooming.